BMW 3 Series E30

since 1983-1994 release

Repair and operation of the car

- 1. Maintenance instruction
   1.1.2. Overall dimensions
   1.1.3. Driver's seat
   1.1.4. Dashboard
   1.1.5. Keys for the car equipped with an immobilizer
   1.1.6. Window regulators
   1.1.7. Safety cushions
   1.1.8. On-board computer
   1.1.9. Indexes
   1.1.10. Voltmeter
   1.1.11. Tachometer
   1.1.12. The counter of the total passable way
   1.1.13. Sound signal
   1.1.14. 3-staged automatic transmission
   1.1.15. 4-staged automatic transmission
   1.1.16. Mechanical transmission
   1.1.17. Emergency brake
   1.1.18. Car running in period
   1.1.19. Fuel
   1.1.20. Threefold catalytic converter
   1.1.21. Engine oil
   1.1.22. Brakes
   1.1.23. Rules of placement of freight in a luggage carrier
   1.1.24. Launch of the engine and driving
   1.1.25. Methods of driving
   1.1.26. Towage of the trailer
   1.1.27. Actions at refusal of launch of the engine
   1.1.28. A start order from the additional battery
   1.1.29. If the engine decayed during the movement
   1.1.30. Actions at an engine overheat
   1.1.31. Actions at a wheel puncture
   1.1.32. Rules of towing
   1.1.33. Check of pressure in tires
   1.1.34. Check of a state and replacement of tires
   1.1.35. Shift of wheels
   1.1.36. Installation of winter tires and chains
   1.1.37. Check of an external condition of the battery
   1.1.38. Battery charging
   1.1.39. Specifications
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Running gear
+ 12. Body
+ 13. Electric equipment
+ 14. Useful tips


1.1.25. Methods of driving


At a strong side wind reduce speed that will increase controllability.

Come around on borders or barriers slowly, it is desirable at right angle. Avoid arrivals on the acting sharp objects and potholes. Otherwise the rupture of a tire is possible.

At the parking on a steep slope turn forward wheels against the stop in a border that will exclude the spontaneous movement by a setup. Put the car on the emergency brake and put the lever in position P (on automatic transmission) or include the first transfer (on the manual transmission). If necessary substitute under block wheels.

At a wash of the car, or at the movement on pools, water can get to brakes. Check hit of water in brakes, having slightly pressed a pedal (having convinced of lack of transport). If weak braking, then brakes wet is felt. To dry brakes turn on the emergency brake and, moving at a small speed slightly press a pedal. If work of brakes is not restored, then it is necessary to move down on a roadside and to cause the technical help from service of car service.

Before a start of motion be convinced that the car is removed from the emergency brake and the control lamp went out.

Do not leave the car with the working engine unguarded.

During the movement you do not hold a leg on a brake pedal, otherwise there is an overheat and wear of brakes, profitability falls.

At the long movement under a bias or at a congress from steep slopes reduce speed and include a low gear. Keep in mind that at too frequent use of brakes there is their overheat and efficiency of braking falls.

When driving on the slippery road be careful at dispersal, inclusion of the raised or low gear and when braking. Sudden dispersal or braking by the engine can lead to a car drift.

The movement with wet brakes as the brake way increases is not allowed and uniformity of braking is broken. Besides, the emergency brake will not hold the car.

Avoid the movement on big pools. Penetration of a large amount of water into a motor compartment will bring to an exit of the engine and (or) electric equipment out of operation.

Features of driving of cars with a wheel formula 4х4

Tires of all wheels have to be identical type and the size. Pressure in tires has to meet standard.

For preservation of efficiency of the all-wheel drive wear of tires of all wheels has to be uniform. Periodically rearrange wheels.

For increase in passability at the movement on dirt, sand or on snow on forward wheels dress chains.

Right after overcoming the almost impassable road (dirt, water, etc.) check work of brakes.

When driving under trying conditions it is necessary to reduce terms of periodic service.

Features of driving in winter conditions

The cooling system has to be filled with antifreeze on the basis of ethylene glycol.

It is forbidden to apply antifreeze on a spirit basis.
Check a condition of the battery and power cables.

At a low temperature the capacity of the battery goes down. Therefore, for launch of the engine in winter conditions the battery has to be completely loaded and serviceable.

Make sure that viscosity of oil in the engine corresponds to an operation season.

Application of summer brands of oil with the increased viscosity complicates launch of the engine. Consult in service of car service concerning the choice of brand of oil for a winter season.

Take measures against frosting of locks of doors.

For this purpose dig to wells special means against frosting of locks or glycerin. Before unlocking of a door heat a key.

In a tank of windscreen washer fill in the liquid containing special antifreeze.

It is not allowed to use for washing of glasses antifreeze from the cooling system of the engine which destroys coloring of a body.

At frosts do not put the car on the emergency brake.

At the parking include the first transfer or you transfer the lever to situation P (on automatic transmission). When freezing of the got moisture, the mechanism of the emergency brake can not release a wheel.

Do not allow a congestion under wings of snow and ice which complicate turn of wheels. When driving in snow weather occasionally stop and check a snow congestion under wings.

When driving it is under trying conditions recommended to carry with itself certain accessories in the winter: chains, a shovel for snow, a sack with sand or with salt, alarm rockets, starting cables, etc.